Swollen Gums – What Are The Causes?

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Swollen Gums – What Are The Causes?

There may be a few different reasons that you could find yourself suffering from swollen gums. It is important that if you do find yourself with this condition that you do something about it in order to avoid serious dental problems or pain.

Gums puff up when edema, which is a kind of fluid, fills up in the soft gum tissue. This does not tend to be an isolated thing, but is rather caused by an underlying condition and may be accompanied by redness of the gums, pain, sores, ulcers, and bleeding.

The most common cause of swollen gums is poor oral health, which in time leads to a bacterial infection known as gingivitis or mild gum disease. When you develop this condition there may be many different symptoms that you experience including swollen gums.

If you seek out treatment early on, then you are able to reverse the condition and restore gum health without suffering any long-lasting problems. But, if you do not, then you may experience permanent problems such as tooth loss.

The amount of swelling and pain that accompanies conditions such as gum disease can vary according to whether the infection is above or below the gum line. Gingivitis is the mild form of the condition and swelling and pain are usually minimal. Periodontitis is advanced gum disease and with this condition the infection has usually spread under the gum line leading to more acute pain and more swelling.

Other Causes Of Gum Swelling

Gum disease is not the only cause of swollen gums however, it can also be caused by plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky substance that is formed when saliva mixes with bacteria in your mouth and it can really irritate your gums.

It is essential that you are following a reliable home oral health routine that includes brushing, flossing and using a mouthwash. This three-step process helps to remove plaque and bacteria before they can begin to cause gum disease and other oral health problems.

If your teeth are out of alignment, then this can also encourage gums to swell as pressure may be placed on certain areas of the mouth more than others. Having dentures, plates or braces that are ill-fitting can also irritate the gums and cause swelling to occur.

Women may be more likely to complain about swollen gums in varying degrees from time to time since hormonal changes can weaken gums. Women should be particularly careful of their gum health during menopause, puberty and pregnancy.

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